Allowable Costs Related to Physical Activity and Limiting the Use of Electronic Media in CACFP
|DATE:||April 17, 2015|
|POLICY MEMO:||CACFP 15-2015|
|SUBJECT:||Allowable Costs Related to Physical Activity and Limiting the Use of Electronic Media in the Child and Adult Care Food Program|
Special Nutrition Programs
Child Nutrition Programs
The purpose of this memorandum is to provide guidance on the use of Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) funds for training and technical assistance related to promotion of physical activity and limiting the use of electronic media. This guidance applies to the use of sponsoring organization administrative funds, facility nonprofit food service account funds, and state administrative expense (SAE) funds. Attachment A includes questions and answers.
The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) amended the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to expand the purpose of the CACFP to “provide aid to child and adult care institutions and family or group day care homes for the provision of nutritious foods that contribute to the wellness, healthy growth, and development of young children, and the health and wellness of older adults and chronically impaired disabled persons” [42 USC 1766(a)(1)(A)(ii)]. The HHFKA also directed the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to encourage child care centers and day care homes to provide opportunities for physical activity and to limit the use of electronic media [42 USC 1766(u)].
Although promotion of physical activity and limiting use of electronic media is not required under CACFP regulations, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) encourages state agencies and CACFP institutions and facilities to adopt best practices to promote the health and wellness of CACFP participants. FNS recognizes that many state agencies and CACFP institutions and facilities have already incorporated wellness information into their on-going CACFP trainings and guidance materials. This memorandum establishes that development of such training and materials may be an allowable use of CACFP funds as described below.
Allowable Costs for CACFP Institutions and Facilities
Any costs associated with training and/or the development or distribution of materials must be reasonable, necessary, and allocable (i.e., the program has derived benefit from the cost and therefore the portion attributable to the program may be allowed). Recently, FNS released CACFP 08-2015 Assessing Costs in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), along with a tip sheet, that provides guidance on the process state agencies and sponsors should use when considering proposed uses of the nonprofit food service account funds for CACFP related costs. CACFP 08-2015 is available at https://www.fns.usda.gov/cacfp/assessing-costs-cacfp.
FNS Instruction 796-2 allows CACFP funds to be used for wellness efforts under certain circumstances and includes questions and answers relating to the use of program funds for the cost of training and materials and supplies that encourage physical activity and limiting the use of electronic media [FNS Instruction 796-2, Rev. 4, Section VII A 3, http://www.fns.usda.gov/sites/default/files/796-2%20Rev%204.pdf].
Sponsoring organizations may use administrative funds, other CACFP institutions and unaffiliated facilities may use nonprofit food service account funds, and day care home providers may use CACFP reimbursement for wellness efforts, including the promotion of physical activity and limiting use of electronic media. However, use of funds for these purposes may not jeopardize the quality of meals served or compliance with any other program requirements. Additionally, costs incurred by institutions and facilities related to training on promotion of physical activity or limiting electronic media are treated as other allowable meeting and conference costs [FNS Instruction 796-2, Rev. 4, Section VIII, I, 28].
USDA resources are free to program participants and available to download at no cost. Free print materials are also available from Team Nutrition. FNS encourages state agencies and CACFP participants to use these materials first. Within the parameters described above, CACFP administrative funds and reimbursements may be used to print, distribute to facilities and participants, and utilize USDA publications and guidance materials and other free training materials that support physical activity and limiting electronic media use. Please see http://healthymeals.nal.usda.gov/cacfp-wellness-resources-child-care-providers for free resources available from USDA and other agencies.
When USDA resources are not sufficient, and with prior state agency approval, institutions may develop and distribute new materials as long as:
- the materials (e.g., training curricula, toolkits, newsletters, pamphlets, etc.) emphasize the link between nutritious meals and physical activity and/or limiting the use of electronic media; and
- costs for these materials are reasonable, necessary, and allocable as to their content in relationship to CACFP requirements.
Expenditures on publications, printing and reproduction, training program costs, and materials/supplies require prior approval [FNS Instruction 796-2, Rev. 4, Sec. VIII I 27, 30 and 33]. Requests for approval must clearly demonstrate how and why existing resources are not adequate.
In reviewing such expenditures, state agencies are expected to carefully consider whether the use of program funds for wellness activities constitutes a reasonable and necessary expense. As part of this review, state agencies should consider whether existing training programs and other materials are available before allowing the use of program funds to pay for, or develop, new materials. The following questions may be used to help determine if costs are allowable:
- What product or service is being considered for acquisition?
- How does this product or service directly benefit the operation and/or improvement of the program and its priorities?
- What is the estimated cost of the product or service?
- Is the product or service currently available, or would the purchase of the product or service be duplicative and not cost effective?
- What alternate free or low-cost options to address the need have been considered?
- Would the proposed cost divert nonprofit food service account funds from supporting food costs or food service operation staff time and effort, and thus impair or diminish the delivery of the meal service?
Allowable Costs for State Agencies
State agencies may use SAE funds for wellness activities within the parameters outlined above and with prior FNS regional office approval. However, SAE funds are made available only for state-level costs and may be used for training and technical assistance related to wellness activities only if the costs meet all criteria for an allowable cost (i.e., necessary, reasonable, and allocable).
Alternative Funding Opportunities
State agencies and CACFP institutions and facilities are encouraged to seek alternative funding and/or grant opportunities, when available, to promote physical activity and limit the use of electronic media in child care settings. Coordination with external community, youth, and recreational organizations can help make physical activity accessible to all children as well. Additional resources for increasing physical activity and limiting use of electronic media can be found at Let’s Move! Child Care’s Web site: https://healthykidshealthyfuture.org/.
State agencies are reminded to distribute this information to CACFP participants immediately. CACFP participants should direct any questions regarding this memorandum to the appropriate state agency. State agency contact information is available at http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Contacts/StateDirectory.htm. State agencies should direct questions to the appropriate FNS regional office.
Policy and Program Development
Child Nutrition Programs
|Sarah E. Smith-Holmes
Program Monitoring and Operational Support
Child Nutrition Programs
The contents of this guidance document do not have the force and effect of law and are not meant to bind the public in any way. This document is intended only to provide clarity to the public regarding existing requirements under the law or agency policies.