Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Direct Certification in the National School Lunch Program Report to Congress: State Implementation Progress, School Year 2014-2015

This report responds to the requirement of Public Law 110-246 to assess the effectiveness of State and local efforts to directly certify children for free school meals. Direct certification is a process conducted by the States and by local educational agencies (LEAs) to certify eligible children for free meals without the need for household applications. The 2004 Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act required LEAs to establish systems to directly certify children from households that receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits by school year (SY) 2008-2009. This report presents information on the outcomes of direct certification for SY 2014-2015.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of National School Lunch and School Breakfast Program Participants

This report presents the characteristics of schools and students by their school meal program participation and certification status in the spring of 1992. The analysis is based on data from the most recent school nutrition data collection effort, the 1992 School Nutrition Dietary Assessment (SNDA) survey.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
School Lunch Eligible Non-Participants

The School Lunch Eligible Non-Participants Study, conducted for USDA's Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), was designed to determine "why children eligible to participate for free and reduced-price meals do not apply or participate" in school nutrition programs (P.L. 101-624).