Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
School Meals Initiative Implementation Study: First Year Report

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP) are central parts of a national policy designed to safeguard the nutritional well-being of the Nation’s children. The programs are administered by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), operating through State agencies (SAs) that have agreements with the local school systems in their States. Despite the progress that has been achieved over the years in enhancing the quality of school meals, results of research conducted in the early 1990s indicated that school meals, on balance, were not meeting certain key nutritional goals. In late 1993, the USDA launched a far-reaching reform of the school meals programs, a reform aimed at upgrading the nutritional content of school meals. The several elements of this reform are collectively referred to as the School Meals Initiative for Healthy Children (SMI), the principal subject of this report.

Resource | Research | Nutrition Education and Promotion
Dietary Intake and Dietary Attitudes Among Food Stamp Participants and Other Low-Income Individuals

This report examines the dietary knowledge and attitudes of low-income individuals, including FSP participants and nonparticipants, describes their dietary intake, and estimates participation-dietary intake relationship. In particular, the analysis addresses three basic questions: What do low-income adults know about healthy eating practices, and how do they feel about these practices and about their own diets? What do low-income Americans eat, and how do their diets stack up against accepted standards for healthy eating? What is the relationship between food stamp participation and dietary intake among low-income individuals and do differences in the dietary knowledge and attitudes among participants and low-income nonparticipants mediate this relationship?