Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
School Meals Initiative Implementation Study: Second Year Report

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP) are central parts of a national policy designed to safeguard and promote the nutritional well-being of the Nation’s children. The programs are administered by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), operating through State agencies (SAs) that have agreements with the local school systems in their States. Despite the progress that has been achieved over the years in enhancing the quality of school meals, results of research conducted in the early 1990s indicated that school meals, on balance, were failing to meet certain key nutritional goals. In late 1993, the USDA launched a far-reaching reform of the school meals programs, a reform aimed at upgrading the nutritional content of school meals. The several elements of this reform are collectively referred to as the School Meals Initiative for Healthy Children (SMI). The status of this initiative, together with selected operational issues of these programs, are the principal subjects of this report.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Changes in Client Service in the Food Stamp Program After Welfare Reform: A Synthesis of Case Studies in Eight States

This report is the final product of a study designed to learn about State Food Stamp Program (FSP) policy choices and local implementation of these policies after the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA). The report presents examples of policies and practices that may have affected client service in the FSP in terms of program accessibility, quality of service and availability of employment and training services, particularly for food stamp recipients that do not receive cash assistance (non-TANF food stamp households).