Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2012

This report is a census of women, infants, and children who were participating in the WIC program in April, 2012. The report includes information on participant income and nutrition risk characteristics, and estimates breastfeeding initiation rates for WIC infants.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
WIC Food Package Cost Report, FY 2010

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) distributes Federal grants to State agencies for providing supplemental foods, nutrition education including breastfeeding promotion and support, and health care and social service referrals to nutritionally at-risk, low-income pregnant, breastfeeding, and nonbreastfeeding postpartum women, infants, and children up to age 5. The Federal costs of WIC in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 totaled $6.7 billion, $4.6 billion of which were food costs. Food costs averaged $41.44 per month per participant. This report estimates the average monthly food costs for each of 5 WIC participant subgroups and estimates total dollars spent on 17 major categories of WIC-eligible foods in FY 2010. The participant and food level costs in this report are USDA’s first estimates since implementation of the 2009 WIC food package changes.

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White Paper on the Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)

The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) is a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) program that for three decades has helped supplement the diets of low-income Americans, including seniors, by providing them with emergency food and nutrition assistance at no cost. This white paper explains the program and describes some of its key results.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Nutrition Assistance in Farmers Markets: Understanding Current Operations

The United States Department of Agriculture is seeking innovative ways to increase Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
(SNAP) participants’ access to fresh produce by increasing the number of farmers markets and direct marketing farmers authorized to accept SNAP benefits. This study describes how farmers markets and direct marketing farmers operate and their perceive d benefits and barriers to accepting SNAP.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Analysis of Verification Summary Data School Year 2008-2009

This report summarizes the results of the school year (SY) 2008-2009 application verification process for the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP). Each year, Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) review a sample of applications that they approved for free or reduced-price school meal benefits at the start of the school year.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
The Evolution of SNAP Modernization Initiatives in Five States

In response to rising caseloads and limited resources, States have sought to reduce administrative costs while maintaining or
increasing access to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). The changes States have made are commonly referred to as modernization, not privatization. Modernization decisions are influenced by a variety of factors that vary by State. This report presents in-depth case studies in five States with modernization initiatives in place between July 2000 and
February 2012 to describe their experiences, assess potential impacts, and identify key lessons learned.