Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Examination of the Effect of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Benefit and Eligibility Parameters on Low-Income Households

This study examines how the policies that determine benefit levels for the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) compare to current low-income spending patterns by analyzing the expenditures of low-income households across the United States in 2013 and 2014.

Resource | Research | Policy Analysis
The Characteristics and Circumstances of Zero-Income Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households

This study describes the characteristics, circumstances, and participation and income dynamics of zero-income SNAP households and seeks to assess whether economic and policy changes may have affected this growth.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Building a Healthy America: A Profile of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

As the time for reauthorization of SNAP again approaches, it is useful to take stock of its accomplishments, identify those features that have contributed to its success, and look for new opportunities to strengthen operations to achieve program goals more fully. To that end, this is a summary of past research on program operations and outcomes.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Implementing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program in Puerto Rico: A Feasibility Study

In 1982, the U.S. Congress replaced the Food Stamp Program in Puerto Rico with a block grant. With this change, Puerto Rico acquired more authority to administer what became a different program, known as the Nutrition Assistance Program (NAP). Funds are provided through a block grant from the U.S. Federal Government and are subject to an annual cap. To maintain a nutrition assistance program under
more constrained funds, Puerto Rico has targeted eligibility and benefits to those households who are most financially needy. The Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-234) directed the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) to examine the feasibility and effects of including Puerto Rico as a ‘State’ under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246).
With such a shift, nutrition assistance in Puerto Rico would be subject to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) rules, options, and entitlement funding. This study assesses the potential impacts of establishing SNAP in Puerto Rico.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Making America Stronger: A Profile of the Food Stamp Program

A summary of past research on program operations and outcomes related to the Food Stamp Program.

Resource | Research | Food Security
Impact of Food Stamp Payment Errors on Household Purchasing Power

Most discussion of payment accuracy in the Food Stamp Program focuses on the overall level and cost of payment errors. Rarely does the discussion focus on the impact of payment errors on individual households affected. This analysis – based on 2003 food stamp quality control data – leads to two broad conclusions. First, virtually all households receiving food stamps are eligible. Thus, the problem of erroneous payments is not so much one of determining eligibility, but rather one of attempting to finely target benefits to the complicated and changing circumstances of low-income households. Second, most overpayments to eligible households are small relative to household income and official poverty standards. As a result, most food stamp households are poor, and they remain poor even when overpaid.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Assessing Implementation of the 2002 Farm Bill's Legal Immigrant Food Stamp Restorations

The rules that govern eligibility for food stamps among legal immigrants have changed several times in recent years. Most recently, the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 restored food stamp eligibility to legal immigrants who: were disabled, regardless of date of entry, effective October 2002; had been in the United States at least five years, effective April 2003; or were children age, regardless of date of entry, effective October 2003. This study – conducted by The Urban Institute for the Food and Nutrition Service -- examines the implementation of these provisions to improve our understanding of the variation in State and local approaches, the challenges encountered in restoring eligibility, the degree to which the eligibility restorations brought new immigrant households into the program; and the potential impacts of sponsor deeming and
liability policies.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Tables Describing the Asset and Vehicle Holdings of Low-Income Households in 1999

The Food Stamp Program (FSP) uses an asset test (also called a resource test) to target food assistance benefits to the neediest households. This report is one of a series presenting the asset and vehicle holdings of low-income households.

Resource | Research | Policy Analysis
Expunging Food Stamp EBT Benefits: A Case Study of the Elderly in the Three States

This analysis explores patterns of permanent benefit removal in Texas, Arizona, and Wisconsin, three states where EBT is the primary method of benefit distribution, but where there are low percentages of elderly. The findings suggest that a relatively small number of food stamp participants do not access their benefits for extended periods.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
An Assessment of Computer Matching in the Food Stamp Program

This report summarizes the results from the State census conducted by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Data for the census were collected during Fiscal Year (FY) 2001. The study examines how States are currently using or planning to use computer matching strategies for error reduction in the Food Stamp Program (FSP).