Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Dynamics and Determinants of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation from 2008 to 2012

These reports describe individuals’ patterns of SNAP participation and analyze which factors were associated with their decisions to enter or exit the program. Both studies use data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Income and Program Participation covering the period from 2008 to 2012.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households: Fiscal Year 2013

This annual report provides details on the demographic characteristics and economic circumstances of SNAP households at both the national and State level. In 2013, most participants were children or elderly - 44 percent of participants were under age 18 and 9 percent were age 60 or older. The average SNAP household benefit declined by $3 to $271. The most common form of income was from earnings; 31 percent of SNAP households had income from work. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.

Resource | Research | General/Other
Nutrition Assistance In Farmers Markets: Understanding the Shopping Patterns of SNAP Participants

This study was undertaken to understand why some SNAP participants shop at farmers markets and others in the same geographic area do not.  Results suggest that SNAP participants buy most of their fresh fruits and vegetables at farmers markets.  Of those who shop at farmers markets, overall value including quality and price are major reasons for shopping at markets.  Of those who do not, reasons for not shopping at farmers markets centered on convenience.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households: Fiscal Year 2012

This annual report provides details on the demographic characteristics and economic circumstances of SNAP households at both the national and the State level.  In 2012, one-person households comprised more than half the caseload (50.3 percent) and the average SNAP household benefit declined by $7 to $274. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.