Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households: Fiscal Year 2008

In an average month in 2008, about 28.4 million people living in 12.7 million households participated in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in the United States. SNAP households are a diverse group. Because benefits are available to most low-income households with few resources, regardless of age, disability status, or family structure, recipients represent a broad cross-section of the Nation's poor. This report provides information about the demographic and economic circumstances of SNAP households in fiscal year 2008. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.

Annual SNAP Quality Control Data

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Dynamics of WIC Program Participation by Infants and Children, 2001 to 2003

This report provides information on the participation patterns of infants and children who were enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, known as WIC, from Fiscal Years (FY) 2001 through 2003. Information on the dynamics of WIC participation leads to a better understanding of overall trends in the WIC caseload and the factors that affect participation. The study focused on four aspects of WIC participation by infants and children—entry, exit, continuity of participation, and re-entry. These events were examined in relation to the age of the infants and children, the characteristics of their mothers, and other broad socioeconomic factors. In FY 2001 through FY 2003, WIC served an average of 5.7 million infants and children and 1.8 million mothers each month. Average monthly participation has grown to 6.5 million infants and children and 2.2 million mothers in FY 2008. The proportion of total participants who are infants and children has been consistently around 75 percent.