Resource | Research | Promoting Healthy Eating
Approaches for Promoting Healthy Food Purchases by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participants

This study developed innovative approaches to using nutrition labeling systems to incentivize healthy food choices by SNAP participants in retail settings. The approaches consider opportunities for using Front of Package and shelf labeling systems across all food categories and retail settings.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
The Extent of Trafficking in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: 2009-2011

Trafficking of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits occurs when SNAP recipients sell their benefits for cash to food retailers, often at a discount. Although trafficking does not increase costs to the Federal Government, it is a diversion of program benefits from their intended purpose of helping low-income families access a nutritious diet. This report, the latest in a series of periodic analyses, provides estimates of the extent of trafficking during the period 2009 through 2011.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
CACFP Assessment of Sponsor Tiering Determinations 2012

The Improper Payments Information Act of 2002 (IPIA) (Public Law 107-300) requires all Federal agencies to calculate the amount of erroneous payments in Federal programs and to periodically conduct detailed assessments of vulnerable program components. This 2012 assessment of the family daycare homes (FDCHs) component of CACFP provides a national estimate of the share of the roughly 125,000 participating FDCHs that are approved for an incorrect level of per meal reimbursement, or reimbursement "tier" for their circumstances. FDCHs can earn Tier I (higher) or Tier II (lower) reimbursements depending on the location and circumstances of the child care provider or the participating children. Tiering errors result in improper payments because misclassified family daycare homes do not receive the appropriate level of reimbursement for the meals and snacks provided to the children. The assessment also estimates the dollar amount of improper payments attributable to these tiering errors.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
WIC Erroneous Payments to Vendors: Annual Estimates for FY 2011

This report provides improper payment estimates for fiscal year (FY) 2011 using a methodology for “aging” the 2005 bookend study. The methodology yields nationally representative estimates of the number of vendors that over- and undercharged and the amount of over- and undercharges across all WIC vendors.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
Results of the Feasibility Study of Estimating the Risk of Meal Claiming Error in the CACFP

Measuring erroneous meal claims in the Family Day Care Home (FDCH) component of the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) poses great difficulty. FDCH providers report meal service counts, by day, at the end of each month but do not submit independent objective documentation to confirm the accuracy of the reports. Therefore, the Food and Nutrition Service’s 2006 Improper Payments Information Act (IPIA) plan for the CACFP proposed to test the feasibility of estimating the risk of errors. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) proposed to select a random sample of sponsoring organizations and, from each, use a random selection of the sponsor’s monitoring visits of FDCHs.1 Using these data, FNS would compare the number of meals claimed with the number of children observed at the time of the visit.