Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: Fiscal Year 1999

The Food Stamp Program (FSP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. The FSP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). In an average month in fiscal year 1999, the FSP served approximately 18.2 million people. This report presents the characteristics of food stamp households nationwide in fiscal year 1999 (October 1998 to September 1999). This information on household characteristics comes from FSP household data for fiscal year 1999 collected by FNS for quality control purposes. Appendix J: Data Collection Instrument not included. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Trends in the FSP Participation Rates: Focus on 1994 to 1998

The Food Stamp Program (FSP) helps needy families purchase food so that they can maintain a nutritious diet. Families are eligible for the program if their financial resources fall below certain income and asset thresholds. However, not all eligible families participate in the program. Some choose not to, while others do not know they are eligible. The participation rate—the ratio of the number of participants to the number of eligibles—reveals the degree to which eligible families participate. This report concentrates on trends in the participation rates since 1994. It focuses on trends in the rates before and after welfare reform, and throughout much of the economic expansion of the 1990s.

Resource | Research | Nutrition Education
Dietary Intake and Dietary Attitudes Among Food Stamp Participants and Other Low-Income Individuals

This report examines the dietary knowledge and attitudes of low-income individuals, including FSP participants and nonparticipants, describes their dietary intake, and estimates participation-dietary intake relationship. In particular, the analysis addresses three basic questions: What do low-income adults know about healthy eating practices, and how do they feel about these practices and about their own diets? What do low-income Americans eat, and how do their diets stack up against accepted standards for healthy eating? What is the relationship between food stamp participation and dietary intake among low-income individuals and do differences in the dietary knowledge and attitudes among participants and low-income nonparticipants mediate this relationship?

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Reaching Those in Need: Food Stamp Participation Rates in the States

This is the second report in a series of publications that presents estimates of the percentage of eligible persons, by State, who participate in the Food Stamp Program. This issue presents food stamp participation rates for States in September 1997 and the changes in State rates between September 1994 and September 1997. This information can be used to examine States’ performance over this period and help understand the effects on food stamp participation rates of a strong economy with expanding job opportunities and the very early consequences of welfare reform and food stamp changes that were brought about by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996.

Resource | Research | Nutrition Education
Food Stamp Nutrition Education Study

The purpose of this study is to provide FNS with descriptive information about how States have elected to provide nutrition education and information to food stamp recipients and eligibles.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
The Extent of Trafficking in the Food Stamp Program: An Update

Food stamps are intended for food. When individuals sell their benefits for cash it violates the spirit and intent of the Food Stamp Program as well as the law. This practice, known as trafficking, diverts food stamps away from their purpose. It reduces intended nutritional benefits and undermines public perceptions of the integrity and utility of the program. A crucial question, therefore, is the extent to which trafficking exists. Several years ago, a method to calculate data-based estimates of the prevalence of trafficking was developed by USDA. The Extent of Trafficking in the Food Stamp Program used this method to analyze over 11,000 completed undercover investigations of trafficking and gene rate an estimate for calendar year 1993. This report duplicates the precise methodology of the earlier analysis with more than 10,000 new investigations to generate an estimate for the 1996 - 1998 calendar year period.

Resource | Research | Policy Analysis
Evaluation of Asset Accumulation Initiatives

This study examines the experience of states in developing and operating special-purpose savings account programs for low-income households. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) is interested in the use of special-purpose accounts for the low-income population--especially for households receiving food stamps--as a means of promoting self-sufficiency . These accounts enable low-income persons to accumulate savings for specified purposes such as education, home purchase, home improvement, and business start-up. In many program initiatives, the account holder qualifies for matching funds to enable a more rapid accumulation of savings, as long as the account balances are used for the specified purposes. Such matched accounts are typically called a individual development accounts or IDAs.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Food Stamp Households Fiscal Year 1998

This report provides information about the demographic and economic circumstances of food stamp households. On average, about 19.8 million people living in 8.2 million households received food stamps in the United States each month in fiscal year 1998. Food stamp households are a diverse group. Because food stamps are available to most low-income households with few resources, regardless of age, disability status, or family structure, recipients represent a broad cross-section of the nation's poor. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.

Annual SNAP Quality Control Data

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Evaluation of SSI/FSP Joint Processing Alternatives Demonstration

This report details the findings of a two-year evaluation of SCCAP, from October 1995 through October 1997.