Resource | Research | General/Other
Feasibility of Tribal Administration of Federal Nutrition Assistance Programs

Section 4004 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 required a study to determine the feasibility of Indian Tribal Organizations (ITOs) administering Federal nutrition assistance programs in lieu of State agencies. This study presents broad general findings regarding Tribal interest in administering nutrition assistance programs, ability to administer all or parts of these programs, and potential challenges.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Study of the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR)

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) provides nutrition assistance to Tribal communities through the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR). The last nationally representative study of FDPIR was based on 1989 data. Since that time, there have been many changes in FDPIR affecting eligibility, warehouse operations and distribution, customer service, and improvements in the types and variety of products offered in the food package. This report provides an update of FDPIR participant characteristics and program operations, based on a nationally representative sample of participants and sites.

Resource | Research | Food Security
State of Origin for USDA Foods in Fiscal Year 2013 and 2014

This report analyzes State-of-origin data for fiscal year (FY) 2013 and 2014, which capture the States where USDA purchased food. In FY 2013 and 2014, USDA purchased over 2 billion pounds of food, at a cost of nearly $2 billion. This included both raw food products such as meats, vegetables, and fruits; products used as ingredients in further processed foods; as well as finished food products like cereal, crackers, and pasta.

Resource | Research | Benefit Content/Cost
Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations Regional Vendor Pilot Assessment

The Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) provides USDA-purchased foods (USDA Foods) to income eligible households on Indian reservations and to Native American families residing in designated areas near reservations and in the State of Oklahoma. The standard distribution model is one in which USDA purchases approved foods that are then shipped from two national warehouses to Indian Tribal Organizations (ITOs) for pick-up by tribal members. In 2012, the Food and Nutrition Service created a pilot program using a regional vendor that assumed the responsibilities for purchasing and shipping FDPIR foods to four ITOs in Oklahoma. This report assesses that pilot and includes a qualitative evaluation of the vendor and ITO experiences and an assessment of pilot costs.

Resource | Research | Food/Nutrient Analysis
Nutrient and Food Group Analysis of USDA Foods in Five of its Food and Nutrition Programs - 2014

This study updates a 2009 analysis of the nutrient and food group content of the USDA Foods offered and delivered through Federal nutrition assistance programs. It examines the Child and Adult Care Feeding Program (CACFP), the Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP), the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR), and The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) in fiscal year (FY) 2014 and the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) in school year (SY) 2013-2014. The study also estimated the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores under the HEI-2010 and the HEI-2005 scoring systems for each program’s benefits.