Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) Assessment of Sponsor Tiering Determinations

The Improper Payments Information Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-300) requires all Federal agencies to calculate the amount of erroneous payments in Federal programs and to periodically conduct detailed assessments of vulnerable program components. This program assessment of the Family Day Care Home (FDCH) component of USDA's Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) provides a national estimate of the share of CACFP family day care homes that are in the wrong reimbursement tier. FDCHs that are misclassified on their tiering levels translate into improper payments because misclassified FDCHs do not receive the appropriate level of reimbursement for the meals and snacks provided to the children. This study also estimates the dollar amount of improper payments attributable to tiering misclassifications of FDCHs.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Analysis of Verification Summary Data School Year 2004-2005 (Corrected)

This is the first of a series of annual reports which will assess the administrative error associated with School Food Authorities’ (SFAs) approval of applications for free and reduced-price school meals. More than 95 percent of students who were approved for benefits on the basis of an application were receiving correct benefits, based on the information in the application files. In school year 2004/05, 3.5 percent of all students who submitted an application for free/reduced-price meal benefits had an administrative error in the processing of their applications (4.2 percent if categorically eligible students are excluded).

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
The Extent of Trafficking in the Food Stamp Program: 2002–2005

Trafficking – selling food stamp benefits to food retailers for cash – impedes the mission and compromises the integrity of the Food Stamp Program. While not a cost to the Federal Government, trafficking diverts benefits from their intended purpose of helping low-income families access a nutritious diet. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) uses a set of EBT-based administrative tools and undercover investigations to identify and sanction trafficking retailers, and to estimate the extent of trafficking. The estimates of the amount of trafficking, the trafficking rate, and the store violation rate reported here are based on information from almost 33,000 stores subject to administrative or undercover investigation from late 2002 through 2005.