Resource | Technical Assistance & Guidance
ABAWD Waivers

Able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) can get SNAP for only 3 months in a 3-year period if they do not meet certain extra work requirements. This is called the ABAWD time limit.

The law allows states to ask FNS to temporarily waive the ABAWD time limit based on evidence showing that an area has an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or does not have a sufficient number of jobs.  An ABAWD time limit waiver does not waive the general SNAP work requirements.

This page includes information on waiver status by state by Fiscal Quarter.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0067
Work Requirement Policy Resources

Here are some resources to find out more about SNAP ABAWDs and related information. 

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0062
SNAP - Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents Percentage Exemption Totals for Fiscal Year 2020

This memorandum adjusts the total number of exemptions available to each state for FY 2020, as shown in the table on the next page. Please note that the totals do not account for any exemption usage in FY 2020 (those figures must be reported in final by states on the Form FNS-583, due 45-days after the end of the fiscal year).

Resource | Comment Request
Reopening of Comment Period: SNAP Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents

This proposed rule seeks to amend the regulatory standards by which USDA evaluates state Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program agency requests to waive the time limit and to end the unlimited carryover of able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) percentage exemptions.  FNS seeks to reopen the comment period on April 8, 2019, for a period of 3 days ending April 10, 2019.

Resource | Proposed Rule
Proposed Rule: SNAP Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents

The proposed rule would encourage broader application of the statutory ABAWD work requirement, consistent with the Administration's focus on fostering self-sufficiency.

Resource | Fact Sheets
Regulatory Reform at a Glance Proposed Rule: SNAP Requirements for ABAWDs

In December 2018, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) published a proposed rule entitled “Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults without Dependents”. This action supports the Agency’s commitment to self-sufficiency by more broadly applying SNAP’s work-related program standards for able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs).

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2018-0020
Clarifications on Work Requirements, ABAWDs, and E&T

The Office of lnspector General's 2016 Audit Report, Food and Nutrition Service Controls over SNAP Benefits for Able Bodied Adults without Dependents, recommended that FNS perform analysis to identify problematic areas for states in terms of ABAWD policy and then provide states with additional best practices to address those areas. 

Resource | Comment Request
SNAP: Requirements and Services for Able-Bodied Adults without Dependents

The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended (the Act), limits the amount of time an able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) can receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits to 3 months in a 36-month period, unless the individual is working and/or participating in a work program half-time or more, or participating in workfare.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2017-0018
Requirements for Informing Households of ABAWD Rules

Section 6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended, limits the time able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) can receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits to 3 months in any 36-month period, unless the individual meets the ABAWD work requirement or is otherwise exempt.