Resource | Technical Assistance & Guidance
ABAWD Waivers

Able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) can get SNAP for only 3 months in a 3-year period if they do not meet certain extra work requirements. This is called the ABAWD time limit.

The law allows states to ask FNS to temporarily waive the ABAWD time limit based on evidence showing that an area has an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or does not have a sufficient number of jobs.  An ABAWD time limit waiver does not waive the general SNAP work requirements.

This page includes information on waiver status by state by Fiscal Quarter.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0067
Work Requirement Policy Resources

Here are some resources to find out more about SNAP ABAWDs and related information. 

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0062
SNAP - Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents Percentage Exemption Totals for Fiscal Year 2020

This memorandum adjusts the total number of exemptions available to each state for FY 2020, as shown in the table on the next page. Please note that the totals do not account for any exemption usage in FY 2020 (those figures must be reported in final by states on the Form FNS-583, due 45-days after the end of the fiscal year).

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0016
SNAP – Families First Coronavirus Response Act and Impact on Time Limit for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWDs)

The recently enacted Families First Coronavirus Response Act temporarily and partially suspends the time limit for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWD) participation in SNAP. 

Resource | Webinars/Videos
Final Rulemaking: Requirements for Able-Bodied Bodied Adults Without Dependents Webinar for States

Final Rulemaking: Requirements for Able-Bodied Bodied Adults Without Dependents Webinar for States – December 18, 2019

Resource | Final Rule
Final Rule: SNAP Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents

USDA is finalizing its rulemaking proposed Feb. 1, 2019. The rule revises the conditions under which USDA would waive, when requested by states, the able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) time limit in areas that have an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or a lack of sufficient jobs. In addition, the rule limits carryover of ABAWD discretionary exemptions.

Resource | Fact Sheets
Final Rule: Employment for Work-Capable Adults

In December 2019, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) published a final rule entitled “Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults without Dependents”. This action supports the Agency’s commitment to promoting employment by applying a common-sense policy to SNAP’s work-related program standards for able bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs).

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2019-0048
SNAP Section 4005 of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 - Questions and Answers

These Questions and Answers are in response to changes made by Section 4005 of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, enacted on Dec. 20, 2018, to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Employment and Training program and certain Able-bodied Adults without Dependents work policies. 

Resource | Comment Request
Reopening of Comment Period: SNAP Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents

This proposed rule seeks to amend the regulatory standards by which USDA evaluates state Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program agency requests to waive the time limit and to end the unlimited carryover of able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) percentage exemptions.  FNS seeks to reopen the comment period on April 8, 2019, for a period of 3 days ending April 10, 2019.