Resource | FAQs/Q&As
Further Questions and Answers on the Balanced Budget Act of 1997

Attached is a fourth series of Q&As developed to address questions arising from states’ enactment of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (PL 105-33). The answers do not establish new policy. They are an interpretation of the relevant provisions and their intent, and should serve as a guide until issuance of regulations.

Resource | Policy Memos
Allowable per Case-Month Exemptions by State (if no Time Limit is Placed on the Exemptions)

Allowable per Case-Month Exemptions by State (if no Time Limit is Placed on the Exemptions).

Resource | Policy Memos
Allowable per Case-Month Exemptions by State (w/6-month Time Limit on the Exemptions)

Allowable per Case-Month Exemptions by State (w/6-month Time Limit on the Exemptions)

Resource | Technical Assistance & Guidance
Allowable per Case-Month Exemptions by State (w/3-month Time Limit on the Exemptions)

Allowable per Case-Month Exemptions by State (w/3-month Time Limit on the Exemptions).

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
Food Stamp EBT Systems and Program- Eligible vs. Non-Eligible Food Items: Report to Congress

This report explores the feasibility and potential cost of enabling EBT systems to differentiate between program-eligible and ineligible items. It considers the cost of upgrading systems in stores that now have scanners and the cost of installing new systems in stores without scanners. The report also examines the potential for the purchase of ineligible items even with the introduction of new technological controls.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Reaching Those in Need: How Effective is the Food Stamp Program?

This pamphlet provides estimates for Food Stamp Program participation rates by States. It will be the first widely-released document showing the percentage of eligible people, by State, who actually participate in the program. Because the data are from January 1994, prior to the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, they provide baseline data on participation rates prior to the enactment of welfare reform.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Technical and Cost Feasibility of EBT Equipage in Farmers’ Markets and Mobile Food Retailers

Describe how participants redeem their food stamp (FS) benefits (including the number and types of stores frequented by typical clients, the timing and amount of purchases during the month, the frequency of benefit exhaustion, and the amount of benefits carried over into following months). And, identify redemption patterns across groups and analyze differences in redemption and shopping patterns if such exist (e.g., differences between participants with earnings and those without; differences between families with and without children; differences between geographic regions).

Resource | Research | Policy Analysis
The Effect of Welfare Reform on Able-Bodied Food Stamp Recipients

This report is the first to present information on a little-known segment of the Food Stamp population that has been profoundly affected by welfare reform—unemployed, childless, 18-50 year old able-bodied adults. As government agencies find themselves having to learn quickly about those affected by the new rules of public assistance , the need to gather timely and accurate information has never been greater.

Resource | Final Rule
Final Rule: FSP Quality Control Provisions of the Mickey Leland Childhood Hunger Relief Act

This action announces the effective and implementation dates for certain provisions in final regulations published June 2, 1997, Food Stamp Program: Quality Control Provisions of the Mickey Leland Childhood Hunger Relief Act.

Resource | Policy Memos
General Assistance and Public Assistance Diversion Payments

More and more States are making one-time or special assistance payments to households under State programs, that may or may not be funded under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act, to keep the households from becoming monthly recipients of regular Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).  We have advised several regional offices via Email and a memo to the Northeast Regional Office on March 17, 1998, that such payments cannot be considered a nonrecurring lump-sum payment but must be counted as income. They are not over and above a normal assistance grant but are the normal grant for certain households at risk of becoming regular TANF recipients.