Resource | Research, Analysis & Background
Allowable per Case-Month Exemptions by State

Chart of Allowable per Case-Month Exemptions by State

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: Fiscal Year 2002

On average, 19.1 million people living in 8.2 million households received food stamps in the United States each month in FY 2002. Food stamp households are a diverse group. Because food stamps are available to most low-income households with few resources, regardless of age, disability status, or family structure, recipients represent a broad cross-section of the nation's poor. This report provides summary information about the demographic and economic circumstances of food stamp households. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Tables Describing the Asset and Vehicle Holdings of Low-Income Households in 1999

The Food Stamp Program (FSP) uses an asset test (also called a resource test) to target food assistance benefits to the neediest households. This report is one of a series presenting the asset and vehicle holdings of low-income households.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
The Extent of Trafficking in The Food Stamp Program: 1999 - 2002

Food stamps are intended for food. When individuals sell their benefits for cash it violates the spirit and intent of the Food Stamp Program as well as the law. This practice, known as trafficking, diverts food stamp benefits away from their purpose. It reduces intended nutritional assistance and undermines public perceptions of the integrity and utility of the program. To combat trafficking, the Food and Nutrition Service conducts undercover investigations of authorized food stores. In addition, the agency has developed powerful new EBT-based administrative tools to identify and sanction traffickers.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Trends in the FSP Participation Rates: Focus on 1999 to 2001

This report is the latest in a series on trends in Food Stamp Program participation rates based on the March Current Population Survey. This report focuses on changes in rates from 1999 to 2001. Two sets of participation rates are presented: one for September and the other an average for each fiscal year (FY). The September participation rates provide a point-in-time estimate whereas the FY rates provide an average rate over the course of a year.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Food Stamp Participation Rates and Benefits: An Analysis of Variation Within Demographic Groups

Previous studies have shown that participation rates are higher among people eligible for a relatively large food stamp benefit than among those eligible for a comparatively small benefit. This analysis seeks to determine whether or not this relationship between participation rates and benefits holds for different demographic groups within the food stamp population. This analysis confirms that the relationship holds for most demographic groups. Surprisingly, the analysis also shows that there are many nonparticipating individuals eligible for relatively large benefits

Resource | Research | Policy Analysis
Expunging Food Stamp EBT Benefits: A Case Study of the Elderly in the Three States

This analysis explores patterns of permanent benefit removal in Texas, Arizona, and Wisconsin, three states where EBT is the primary method of benefit distribution, but where there are low percentages of elderly. The findings suggest that a relatively small number of food stamp participants do not access their benefits for extended periods.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: Fiscal Year 2001

On average, about 17.3 million people living in 7.5 million households received food stamps in the United States each month in FY 2001. Food stamp households are a diverse group. Because food stamps are available to most low-income households with few resources, regardless of age, disability status, or family structure, recipients represent a broad cross-section of the nation's poor. This report provides summary information about the demographic and economic circumstances of food stamp households. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.