Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Assessing Implementation of the 2002 Farm Bill's Legal Immigrant Food Stamp Restorations

The rules that govern eligibility for food stamps among legal immigrants have changed several times in recent years. Most recently, the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 restored food stamp eligibility to legal immigrants who: were disabled, regardless of date of entry, effective October 2002; had been in the United States at least five years, effective April 2003; or were children age, regardless of date of entry, effective October 2003. This study – conducted by The Urban Institute for the Food and Nutrition Service -- examines the implementation of these provisions to improve our understanding of the variation in State and local approaches, the challenges encountered in restoring eligibility, the degree to which the eligibility restorations brought new immigrant households into the program; and the potential impacts of sponsor deeming and
liability policies.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
State Food Stamp Participation Rates for the Working Poor in 2001

In this report we discuss our progress in deriving state participation rates for the working poor. We build upon recent studies examining national participation rates for socioeconomic and demographic subgroups and rates for states among the entire eligible population.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: Fiscal Year 2003

On average, about 21.3 million people living in 9.2 million households received food stamps in the United States each month in FY 2003. Food stamp households are a diverse group. Because food stamps are available to most low-income households with few resources, regardless of age, disability status, or family structure, recipients represent a broad cross-section of the nation's poor. This report provides information about the demographic and economic circumstances of food stamp households. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Trends in Food Stamp Program Participation Rates: 1999 to 2002

The Food Stamp Program (FSP) helps low-income individuals purchase food so that they can obtain a nutritious diet. The number of eligible individuals served in an average month by the FSP increased from 16.9 million in 2001 to 18.7 million participants in 2002, an increase of over 10 percent. Most individuals are eligible for the program if their financial resources fall below certain income and asset thresholds. Not all of those who are eligible participate in the program, however. Some choose not to participate, while others are unaware that they are eligible. The food stamp participation rate — the percentage of eligible people who actually participate in the FSP — is an important measure of how well the program is reaching its target population. This report presents estimated participation rates for 2002 and revised estimates of rates for 1999, 2000, and 2001.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Reaching Those in Need: State Food Stamp Participation Rates in 2001

This report is the latest in a series of publications presenting estimates of the percentage of eligible persons, by State, who participate in the Food Stamp Program. This issue presents food stamp participation rates for States in an average month in fiscal year 2001 and for the two previous fiscal years. These estimates differ slightly from those reported last year because of the change in the reference period from the month of September to the average month across the fiscal year, and improvements in data and methods.