Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Reaching Those in Need: State Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation Rates in 2009

This report – the latest in an annual series – presents estimates of the percentage of eligible persons, by State, who participated in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) during an average month in fiscal year 2009 and in the 2 previous fiscal years. This report also presents estimates of State participation rates for eligible “working poor” individuals (persons in households with earnings) over the same period. Although SNAP provides an important support for working families, the working poor have participated at rates that are substantially below those for all eligible persons. The addition

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Dynamics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation in the Mid-2000s

This report describes individuals’ patterns of participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) from 2004 to 2006, a period of caseload growth and improving economic conditions. Based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the study explores reasons that individuals enter and leave SNAP, how long they receive SNAP benefits, and whether they return to the program after exiting. The report also examines whether participation patterns in the mid-2000s changed from earlier periods. This report is a companion to Determinants of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Entry and Exit in the Mid-2000s.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Determinants of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Entry and Exit in the Mid-2000s

This study analyzes which factors are associated with individuals’ decisions to start participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and with decisions to leave the program during the period 2004 to 2006. Based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the study uses a technique called “multivariate regression” to isolate the impact of various factors associated with participation decisions while holding other factors constant. The factors examined in this report include individual demographic and economic variables, as well as State economic conditions and policies. This report is a companion to Dynamics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation in the Mid-2000s.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households: Fiscal Year 2010

This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2010 (October 2009 through September 2010). It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2010. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Trends in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation Rates: Fiscal Year 2002 to Fiscal Year 2009

This report is the latest in a series on SNAP participation rates. Estimates are based on the March 2011 Current Population Survey and program administrative data for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The findings represent participation rates for FY 2010.

Resource | Research | Food Security
Hunger and Obesity - Understanding a Food Insecurity Paradigm

The Workshop on Understanding the Relationship Between Food Insecurity and Obesity, held in Washington, DC, from November 16 to 18, 2010, was designed to provide an opportunity to explore and illuminate the relationship between food insecurity and obesity, the current state of research, and data and analyses needed to advance understanding of the relationship as a way of countering both hunger and obesity in the United States. This is the workshop summary of the National Academies Institute of Medicine (IOM), Food and Nutrition Board, which was commissioned by the USDA Food and Nutrition Service. The workshop summary is available here by permission. It may also be obtained through the Institute of Medicine website.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
The Extent of Trafficking in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): 2006–2008

This is the fifth report in a series of periodic analyses to estimate the extent of trafficking in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Trafficking – selling SNAP benefits to food retailers for cash - impedes the mission and compromises the integrity of SNAP. While not a cost to the Federal Government, trafficking diverts benefits from their intended purpose of helping low-income families access a nutritious diet. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) aggressively acts to control trafficking by using SNAP purchase data to identify suspicious transaction patterns, conducting undercover investigations, and collaborating with other investigative agencies.

Resource | Research | SNAP Benefit Use
Benefit Redemption Patterns in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) allows low-income households to obtain a more nutritious diet by increasing the dollars they have to buy food. With the economic recession in 2008, food prices and unemployment increased, putting a substantial strain on low-income households’ ability to purchase food. In response, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) raised the maximum SNAP benefit by 13.6 percent, effective April 2009. This study identifies how
spending patterns, such as the rate at which households spend their benefit, changed following the ARRA benefit increase and
analyzes how spending patterns differed across household characteristics, time and States.