Resource | Policy Memos
State Agency Readiness to Apply the ABAWD Time Limit and Serve ABAWDs

This final rule supports the Agency’s commitment to self-sufficiency by modifying states’ ability to receive waivers of the ABAWD time limit.  More specifically, the rule sets robust, quantitative standards that states’ must meet in order to receive such waivers and limits the accumulation of discretionary exemptions.

Resource | Policy Memos
Implementation of Regulatory Changes to ABAWD Waiver Standards and Discretionary Exemptions

On Dec. 5, 2019, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) will publish the final rule, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Requirements for  Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents.  It is available for public inspection at the Federal Register.   

Resource | Policy Memos
Questions and Answers: Final Rulemaking Requirements for ABAWDs

On Dec. 5, 2019, the  FNS final rule, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents, will publish in the Federal Register.  The rule revises the conditions under which FNS would waive, when requested by States, the able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) time limit in areas that have an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or a lack of sufficient jobs.  In addition, the rule limits the carryover of unused ABAWD discretionary exemptions. 

Resource | Policy Memos
SNAP Unemployment Data and Methods for ABAWD Waivers

This resource provides states with information on how to obtain Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau data and step-by-step instructions on how to use that data to calculate an unemployment rate in support of an ABAWD waiver request.  These technical sources and methods are consistent with those that FNS has endorsed in the past, but have been adapted where appropriate to account for the final rule’s changes to the definition of the geographic area that can be waived and recent changes to the Census Bureau’s data tool.

Resource | Policy Memos
Clarifications on Work Requirements, ABAWDs, and E&T

The Office of lnspector General's (OIG) 2016 Audit Report, Food and Nutrition Service Controls over SNAP Benefits for Able Bodied Adults without Dependents (ABAWD), recommended that the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) perform analysis to identify problematic areas for states in terms of ABAWD policy and then provide states with additional best practices to address those areas. FNS has performed the recommended analysis and has determined that states and other stakeholders would benefit most from additional guidance in two general areas: ABAWD policy's interaction with other SNAP work-related policies and "tracking" participation for ABAWDs.

Resource | Policy Memos
Requirements for Informing Households of ABAWD Rules

Section 6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended (the Act), limits the time able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) can receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits to 3 months in any 36-month period, unless the individual meets the ABAWD work requirement or is otherwise exempt. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) has recently received questions about the State agency’s responsibility to inform SNAP households about the ABAWD time limit and work requirement.

Resource | Policy Memos
SNAP - Statewide Able Bodied Adults Without Dependent (ABAWD) Waivers Effective Immediately for Eligible States

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA suspends restrictions on Able Bodied Adults Without Dependent (ABAWD) participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) as of April 1, 2009 continuing through Sept. 30, 2010, unless State agencies choose to impose specific work requirements.

Resource | Policy Memos
FSP – 2-Year Approval of Waivers of the Work Requirements for ABAWDs under 7 CFR 273.24

At the request of the State agencies, SNAP offered a 2 year ABAWD waiver under limited circumstances.