Resource | Policy Memos | 93-3
Questions Raised During the October FMNP Meeting

The National Association of Farmers' Market Nutrition Program directors held their first annual meeting in Baltimore, MD, on October 7-9, 1993. At that meeting, a number of questions were raised during our program requirement session. Attached are these questions and our responses for your information.

Resource | Research | Food/Nutrient Analysis
The School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study

This study compares the nutrients provided in school meals and the nutrients consumed by students with several standards. Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) are the daily intake levels of essential nutrients that are adequate to meet the nutrient needs of practically all healthy persons. The RDA are used to plan school meals.

Resource | Policy Memos | 93-2
Use of Administrative Funds to Attend FMNP Training/Conferences

This policy is intended to clarify the issue of Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (FMNP) administrative funds for training and meetings and conferences as allowable administrative costs, as well as the circumstances under which WIC or FMNP administrative funds may be used.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Effects of Food Stamp Cash-Out on Administrative Costs, Participation, and Food Retailers in San Diego

A fundamental issue in the design of the Food Stamp Program (FSP) is the form benefits should take. Advocates of the current coupon system argue that coupons are a direct and inexpensive way to ensure that food stamp benefits are used to purchase food. Coupon advocates contend that, despite some evidence of fraud and benefit diversion under the current system, food stamps are used largely to purchase food. In addition, they contend that coupons give household food budgets some measure of protection against other demands on limited household resources. Advocates of cashing out the FSP argue that the current system limits the food-purchasing choices of recipients and places a stigma on participation. Moreover, they cite the cumbersome nature and cost of coupon issuance, transaction, and redemption.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
The Effects of Cash-Out on Food Use of Food Stamp Participants: Results from Four Demonstrations

A fundamental issue in the design of the Food Stamp Program is the form the benefits take. From the inception of pilot programs in the early 1960s to the contemporary program, the vehicle of choice has been the food stamp coupon, a voucher that can be redeemed for food at authorized retailers. For nearly that same period analyses have considered the relative merits of cash--or, in practice, checks--as an alternative. Advocates of the current coupon system argue that coupons are a direct and inexpensive way to ensure that food stamp benefits are used to purchase food, that the unauthorized use of food stamps is relatively limited despite some evidence of fraud and benefit diversion, and that coupons provide some measure of protection to food budgets from other demands on limited household resources. Advocates of cash benefits argue that the current system limits the purchasing choices of participants; places a stigma on participation; does not prevent the diversion of benefits (as evidenced by the existence of illegal trafficking); and entails excessive costs for coupon production, issuance, transaction, and redemption.

Resource | Legislation
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993; Chapter 3, Mickey Leland Childhood Hunger Relief Act

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993; Chapter 3, Mickey Leland Childhood Hunger Relief Act
PL 103-66, 107 Stat. 312 - August 10, 1993

Resource | Research | Impacts/Evaluations
Infant Mortality Among Medicaid Newborns in Five States: The Effects of Prenatal WIC Participation

This study is the analysis of the relationship between prenatal participation in the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and infant mortality among Medicaid newborns.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Child Nutrition Program Operations Study: Third Year Report

The Child Nutrition Program Operations Study was designed to collect data from States and participating SF As through annual telephone surveys during School Years (SY) 1988-89, 1989-90, and 1990-91 and through on-site visits during SY 1989-90 and 1991-92, with specific information needs for each data collection effort defined by FNS staff.