Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: Fiscal Year 2005

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) serves low- income pregnant, breastfeeding, or postpartum women, and infants and children up to age 5 who are at nutritional risk. In almost all States, the Program provides eligible recipients with vouchers that can be used at authorized stores—referred to as vendors. The 46,000 authorized vendors are mostly grocery stores and pharmacies which have signed agreements to follow program rules. In 1991 and 1998, FNS conducted national studies of WIC vendors to determine the extent of vendor violation of program rules. After the 1998 study, FNS issued regulations to correct vendor practices. The 2005 study replicates the 1998 study to determine whether the regulations were effective, and to measure the frequency of vendor violations and the degree to which vendors charge accurate prices for WIC transactions. It also provides data on payment error as required by the Improper Payments Information Act (IPIA) of 2002 (P.L. 107-300).

Resource | Proposed Rule
Proposed Rule: Discretionary WIC Vendor Provisions in the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004, PL 108-265

This rule proposes to amend regulations for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) by adding three requirements mandated by the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 concerning retail vendors authorized by WIC State agencies to provide supplemental food to WIC participants in exchange for WIC food instruments.

Resource | Policy Memos | 2006-6
Vendor Cost Containment Interim Rule Clarification

WIC Policy Memo #2006-6. This policy memorandum updates the guidance provided in Final WIC Policy Memorandum #2006-4, dated January 11, 2006, regarding the implementation of the WIC Vendor Cost Containment Interim Rule, published in the Federal Register on November 29, 2005, at 70 FR 71708.

Resource | Policy Memos | 2006-4
WPM #2006-4: Vendor Cost Containment Interim Rule

This policy memorandum supplements the guidance provided to state agencies on Jan. 4, 2006, regarding the significance of the Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) issued on Dec. 29, 2005, by the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, for the implementation of the WIC Vendor Cost Containment Interim Rule, published in the Federal Register on Nov. 29, 2005, at 70 FR 71708.