Requirements for Informing Households of ABAWD Rules
Section 6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended (the Act), limits the time able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) can receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits to 3 months in any 36-month period, unless the individual meets the ABAWD work requirement or is otherwise exempt. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) has recently received questions about the State agency’s responsibility to inform SNAP households about the ABAWD time limit and work requirement.
While Federal policy provides clear rules on what the State must do to inform applicants and clients about SNAP, FNS recognizes that administering the program for ABAWDs can be particularly complex and administratively challenging. This memorandum addresses these State concerns by clarifying what they must do in regard to informing and notifying applicants and clients about ABAWD policy. Please note that this memorandum does not concern identifying ABAWDs subject to the time limit or screening for exemptions from the time limit; guidance on those topics is available under ABAWD Policy Resources at: https://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/able-bodied-adults-without-dependents-abawds.